Visuddhimagga XV-5

512. Apica nivāsaṭṭhānaṭṭhena ākaraṭṭhena samosaraṇaṭṭhānaṭṭhena sañjātidesaṭṭhena kāraṇaṭṭhena ca āyatanaṃ veditabbaṃ.
还有(一)以住处之义,(二)以矿山之义,(三)以会合处之义,(四)以产地之义,(五)以原因之义故为「处」。
Ñ(XV,5): Furthermore, 'base, (āyatana) should be understood in the sense of place of abode, store (mine), meeting place, locality of birth, and cause.


Tathā hi loke ‘‘issarāyatanaṃ vāsudevāyatana’’ntiādīsu nivāsaṭṭhānaṃ āyatananti vuccati.
即(一)如说世间是自在天处,梵苏天处等,故说以住处之义为处。
Ñ: For accordingly in the world in such phrases as 'the lord's sphere' (āyatana) and 'Vāsudeva's sphere' (āyatana), it is a place of abode that is called 'base';


‘‘Suvaṇṇāyatanaṃ rajatāyatana’’ntiādīsu ākaro.
(二)如说金处、银处等,故说以矿山之义为处。
Ñ: and in such phrases as 'the sphere of gold' and 'the sphere of silver' it is a store (mine) that is called 'base'.


Sāsane pana ‘‘manoramme āyatane sevanti naṃ vihaṅgamā’’tiādīsu (a. ni. 5.38) samosaraṇaṭṭhānaṃ.
(三)如佛教中说:「悦意之处,诸鸟同栖」。在这些地方,则以「会合处」为处。
Ñ: But in the Dispensation, in such passages as: 'And so in the delightful realm (āyatana), Those flying in the air attend him' (A.iii,43), it is a meeting place;


‘‘Dakkhiṇāpatho gunnaṃ āyatana’’ntiādīsu sañjātideso.
(四)如说「南路(Dakkhiṇāpatha)是产牛之处」等,则以「产地」为处。
Ñ: and in such phrases as 'The southern land is the realm (āyatana) of cattle' ( ? ) it is the locality of birth;


‘‘Tatra tatreva sakkhibhabbataṃ pāpuṇāti sati satiāyatane’’tiādīsu (a. ni. 3.102) kāraṇaṃ.
(五)如说「如有处,他必得证明的能力」等,则以「原因」为处。
Ñ: and in such passages as 'He acquires the ability to be 'a witness of it … whenever there is an occasion (āyatana) for it' (M.i,494; A.i,258), it is a cause.



Visuddhimagga XV-4

511. Avisesato pana āyatanato, āyānaṃ tananato, āyatassa ca nayanato āyatananti veditabbaṃ.
其次普通的说(处的意义):(一)努力故,(二)来的伸展故,(三)长领导故,当知为「处」。
Ñ(XV,4): [As to meaning] in general, however, base (āyatana) should be understood as such (a) because of its actuating (āyatana), (b) because of being the range (tanana) of the origins (āya), and (c) because of leading on (nayana) what is actuated (āyata).


Cakkhurūpādīsu hi taṃtaṃdvārārammaṇā cittacetasikā dhammā sena sena anubhavanādinā kiccena āyatanti uṭṭhahanti ghaṭanti, vāyamantīti vuttaṃ hoti.
即(一)于眼及色等的根门、所缘、而心、心所法各各紧张发奋努力精进其自己的感受等的作用(所以说努力故为处)。
Ñ: Now the various states of consciousness and its concomitants belonging to such and such a door-cum-object among those consisting of the eye-cum-visible-datum, etc., (a) are actuated (āyananti), each by means of its individual function of experiencing, etc.; they are active, strive, and endeavour in these, is what is meant.


Te ca āyabhūte dhamme etāni tanonti, vitthārentīti vuttaṃ hoti, idañca anamatagge saṃsāre pavattaṃ atīva āyataṃ saṃsāradukkhaṃ yāva na nivattati, tāva nayanteva, pavattayantīti vuttaṃ hoti.
(二)此等十二处能伸展扩大彼等所来的心、心所法,所以说(来的伸展故为处)。(三)直至那在无始轮回中所起的极长的轮回之苦未得停止,而此等十二处便起领导(而受轮回之苦),所以说(长领导故为处)。
Ñ: And (b) these [doors-cum-objects] provide the range for (tanonti) those states that are origins (āya); they give them scope, is what is meant. And (c) as long as this suffering of the round of rebirths, which has gone on occurring throughout the beginningless round of rebirths and so is enormously actuated (ayata), does not recede, so long they lead on (nayanti); they cause occurrence, is what is meant.


Iti sabbepime dhammā āyatanato, āyānaṃ tananato, āyatassa ca nayanato āyatanaṃ āyatananti vuccanti.
是以说此等一切(十二处)法,因努力故,因来的伸展故,因长领导 [PTS 482] 故为「处」。
Ñ: So all these [482] things are called 'bases' because they actuate, because they are the range of the origins, and because they lead on what is actuated.



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Acknowledgment: Thanks to Buddhist Publication Society (BPS) and Venerable Nyanatusita for allowing me to use the English translation of the Visuddhimagga (The Path Of Purification) by Bhadantācariya Buddhaghosa, translated from the Pāḷi by Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli, as part of a combined Chinese English translation.

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